- 1 What was unique about the Mycenaean civilization?
- 2 How were the Mycenaeans and the Minoans different?
- 3 What were Mycenaean kingdoms like?
- 4 What were the mycenaeans famous for?
- 5 Who destroyed Greece?
- 6 How did the Mycenaean civilization start?
- 7 What race were Minoans?
- 8 Who destroyed the Minoan civilization?
- 9 Are Minoans considered Greek?
- 10 Where did the Minoans come from?
- 11 What was the largest city of the Mycenaeans?
- 12 What made the Minoans wealthy?
- 13 Who Won the Trojan War?
- 14 What was the Peloponnesus?
- 15 Which Greek city state was considered the most powerful?
What was unique about the Mycenaean civilization?
It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. The most prominent site was Mycenae, in the Argolid, after which the culture of this era is named.
How were the Mycenaeans and the Minoans different?
The Minoans occupied the Greek islands mainly living on Crete. The Mycenaeans lived on mainland Greece and the Peloponnesia. The Minoans were mainly farmers and traders, while the Mycenaeans were a warlike society.
What were Mycenaean kingdoms like?
The Mycenaeans were able to become a molar power because they traded widely, sailing to Egypt & Italy. A tiny independent country ( like a city-state). Greek kingdoms developed by the Mycenaeans. They had warriors who became nobles who ruled and because the first kings of the Greeks.
What were the mycenaeans famous for?
Mycenae is perhaps best known in mythology as the city of Agamemnon, the son of Atreus. King Agamemnon led the expedition against Troy during the Trojan War, which Homer accounted in his epic poem the Iliad.
Who destroyed Greece?
Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power. Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth.
How did the Mycenaean civilization start?
Mycenaean civilization originated and evolved from the society and culture of the Early and Middle Bronze Age in mainland Greece under influences from Minoan Crete. These Bronze Age Greeks establish themselves as political units sometime around 1600.
What race were Minoans?
Analysis of DNA from ancient remains on the Greek island of Crete suggests the Minoans were indigenous Europeans, shedding new light on a debate over the provenance of this ancient culture. Scholars have variously argued the Bronze Age civilisation arrived from Africa, Anatolia or the Middle East.
Who destroyed the Minoan civilization?
Invasion by Mycenaeans – Complete destruction of the Minoan Civilization. Archaeologists have now enough evidence to believe that the reputed Minoan Civilization was severely damaged and affected by the eruption of Santorini Volcano, which destroyed their fleet.
Are Minoans considered Greek?
The Minoans are considered the first European civilization. They were in one sense the first ” Greek ” civilization. But the people were not Greek. The civilization was based on the island of Crete, and expanded to other island cities in the Mediterranean.
Where did the Minoans come from?
When the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans discovered the 4,000-year-old Palace of Minos on Crete in 1900, he saw the vestiges of a long-lost civilization whose artefacts set it apart from later Bronze-Age Greeks.
What was the largest city of the Mycenaeans?
The largest city (although not a capital city in any sense) was Mycenae, built on an impressive citadel and hill over 278 metres (912 ft.) above sea level where there are remains of large ‘palace’ buildings and hundreds of tombs and shaft graves, including nine large stone tholos tombs (1600-1300 BCE).
What made the Minoans wealthy?
Minoans made their wealth from trade and built ships to sail to as far as Egypt and Syria. In 1450 B.C. the Minoan civilization suddenly collapsed, some historians think undersea earthquakes caused giant waves that washed away the Minoans ‘ cities.
Who Won the Trojan War?
The Greeks won the Trojan War. According to the Roman epic poet Virgil, the Trojans were defeated after the Greeks left behind a large wooden horse and pretended to sail for home.
What was the Peloponnesus?
Peloponnese, also spelled Peloponnesus, Modern Greek Pelopónnisos, peninsula of 8,278 square miles (21,439 square km), a large, mountainous body of land jutting southward into the Mediterranean that since antiquity has been a major region of Greece, joined to the rest of mainland Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth.
Which Greek city state was considered the most powerful?
Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city – states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.