- 1 Who attacked Athens?
- 2 What caused the Dark Age of ancient Greece?
- 3 Who defeated the Athenians?
- 4 Who was enslaved in Athens?
- 5 Who destroyed Greece?
- 6 Did Athens beat Sparta?
- 7 How many years did the dark age in Greece last?
- 8 How did the Greek Dark Ages end?
- 9 What changes occurred in Greece during the Dark Age?
- 10 Is Sparta or Athens better?
- 11 Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?
- 12 Why did Sparta declare war on Athens?
- 13 Did slaves build the Acropolis?
- 14 What percentage of Athens were slaves?
- 15 How were slaves in Athens treated?
Who attacked Athens?
In the meantime (430–429), the Spartans attacked Athenian bases in western Greece but were repulsed. The Spartans also suffered reverses at sea.
What caused the Dark Age of ancient Greece?
Many explanations attribute the fall of the Mycenaean civilization and the Bronze Age collapse to climatic or environmental catastrophe, combined with an invasion by Dorians or by the Sea Peoples, but no single explanation fits the available archaeological evidence.
Who defeated the Athenians?
Threatened with starvation, the Athenian fleet had no choice but to follow. Through cunning strategy, Lysander totally defeated the Athenian fleet, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami, destroying 168 ships and capturing some three or four thousand Athenian sailors.
Who was enslaved in Athens?
The Populace of Athens – Slaves. Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. Indeed, one of the criticisms of Athens was that its slaves and freemen were difficult to tell apart.
Who destroyed Greece?
Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power. Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth.
Did Athens beat Sparta?
Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.
How many years did the dark age in Greece last?
Historians believe this period was violent, sudden, and culturally disruptive. The palace economy of the Aegean Region that had characterized the Late Bronze Age, was replaced, after a hiatus, by the isolated village cultures of the Greek Dark Ages —a period that lasted for more than 400 years.
How did the Greek Dark Ages end?
As mentioned above, when the Mycenaean Civilization fell apart and their grand palaces collapsed, the people retreated to individual villages located throughout Ancient Greece. For the most part, these villages were closed off from the rest of the society.
What changes occurred in Greece during the Dark Age?
What events occurred in ancient Greece during the Dark Age? During the Dark Age, Greeks from the mainland moved to the islands and Asia Minor, agriculture, trade, and economic activity revived, writing systems improved, and Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Is Sparta or Athens better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.
Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?
Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.
Why did Sparta declare war on Athens?
When Sparta declared war, it announced that it wanted to liberate Greece from Athenian oppression. And with some justification, because Athens had converted the Delian League, which had once been meant as a defensive alliance against the Persian Empire, into an Athenian empire.
Did slaves build the Acropolis?
Athens and Rome were built on the backs of slaves and wouldn’t have functioned without them. But the broken temple that crowns the Acropolis, one-time home of the Athena Parthenos cult statue, is primarily a glorification of Athenian imperialism.
What percentage of Athens were slaves?
Historians aren’t sure exactly how many slaves the Greeks owned, but they usually estimate that between 30 and 40 percent of the population were slaves.
How were slaves in Athens treated?
Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid. They could also live outside their master’s home. It seems that most slaves in Athens worked in their master’s households and were treated fairly. Most female slaves in Athens did things like bake bread, cook, and weave.