- 1 Why was Philip II so easily able to conquer Greece?
- 2 Why was Macedonia easily able to conquer Greece?
- 3 Who killed Philip 2?
- 4 What change did Philip the second make after unifying Greece?
- 5 What was the most important effect of Macedonia’s conquest of Greece?
- 6 How did Macedonia conquer Greece?
- 7 How did Macedonia fall?
- 8 How did Philip II lose his eye?
- 9 Who is the father of Alexander?
- 10 How did Philip the second take control of Greece?
- 11 How did Philip of Macedon become so powerful?
- 12 What military technique did Philip II of Macedon copy from the Greeks?
- 13 Why did Philip the second need a navy to defeat the Greek city-states?
Why was Philip II so easily able to conquer Greece?
How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? Philip was able to defeat Greece because few Greeks responded to Athens’s call for all Greeks to join together to fight. As a result, the armies of Athens and their chief ally were easily defeated.
Why was Macedonia easily able to conquer Greece?
Why were the Macedonians able to conquer Greece so easily? Greece was easily conquered by Macedonia because the city-states had grown weak and were unable to cooperate with each other in time to make a formidable opponent to the invaders.
Who killed Philip 2?
There Philip was assassinated by Pausanias, a young Macedonian noble with a bitter grievance against the young queen’s uncle Attalus and against Philip for denying him justice. This was the official explanation, and Pausanias himself could add nothing to it; he was killed on the spot.
What change did Philip the second make after unifying Greece?
Answer: He created a strong Macedonian state that was stable and prosperous for many decades. He created a professional army that was arguably the best in the known world and conquered an empire. The army and the state that Phillip II created changed the history of Macedonia and Greece.
What was the most important effect of Macedonia’s conquest of Greece?
Alexander’s campaigns greatly increased contacts and trade between the East and West, and vast areas to the east were significantly exposed to Greek civilization and influence. Successor states remained dominant for the next 300 years during the Hellenistic period.
How did Macedonia conquer Greece?
During the reign of the Argead king Philip II (359–336 BC), Macedonia subdued mainland Greece and the Thracian Odrysian kingdom through conquest and diplomacy. During Alexander’s subsequent campaign of conquest, he overthrew the Achaemenid Empire and conquered territory that stretched as far as the Indus River.
How did Macedonia fall?
He died of unknown causes in 323 B.C. in the ancient city of Babylon, in modern-day Iraq. He was just 32 years old. Alexander the Great had no direct heirs, and the Macedonian Empire quickly crumbled after his death. Military generals divided up the Macedonian territory in a series of civil wars.
How did Philip II lose his eye?
In 354 bce Philip sustained his most severe wound when he lost his right eye during the siege of Methone. 1st bce commentary on Demosthenes’ work (also drawing on Theopompus, Marsyas and Duris) – “He had his right eye cut out when he was hit by an arrow whilst inspecting siege engines during the siege of Methone”.
Who is the father of Alexander?
Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (daughter of King Neoptolemus of Epirus). From age 13 to 16 he was taught by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who inspired his interest in philosophy, medicine, and scientific investigation.
How did Philip the second take control of Greece?
How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.
How did Philip of Macedon become so powerful?
Phillip II built up a series of alliances with his neighbors, and he became even more influential after he managed to defeat a large Scythian army. Phillip controlled much of the Balkans by 340 BCE. Rich mines were discovered in Macedonia, and Phillip used his wealth to bribe his enemies and purchase allies.
What military technique did Philip II of Macedon copy from the Greeks?
Philip II of Macedon established the Macedonian phalanx, which was a specific type of infantry formation. He learnt this technique during his time as a hostage in Thebes, where he studied under general Epaminondas, whose reforms were the basis for the phalanx.
Philip II was interested in conquering the Greek city – states south of Macedonia because he wanted to conquer the Persian Empire, but in order to conquer such a large empire he needed the help of the Greek city – states. He warned the Greeks that Philip was a threat to the Greek’s freedom.