Readers ask: What Role Did The Military Play In Greece Empire?

What was the military like in ancient Greece?

Along with the rise of the city-states evolved a new style of warfare: the hoplite phalanx. Hoplites were armored infantrymen, armed with spears and shields, and the phalanx was a formation of these soldiers with their shields locked together and spears pointed forward.

What did soldiers do in ancient Greece?

Ancient Greek warriors were well-organized and heavily armored. They fought in a rectangular group called a phalanx, covering themselves with shields for protection. The Greeks believed that warriors who died in battle gained great glory. Spartan warriors were the best trained.

What was the role of the military in ancient Athens?

Overview. The Athenian Army was a city-state militia in which every able-bodied, adult, male citizen was obliged to serve. Men were ranked by wealth, and their service obligation reflected their resources.

What was the military strength of Athens?

Athens ‘ army went from a late sixth-century bc count of 3,600 armored spearmen to 13,000 citizen regulars on the rolls by 431 bc. Likewise, the Athenian fleet grew from 60 to 300 ships over the same period. Sparta could answer with only about half as many Spartan hoplites of its own and had no navy at all.

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What is the most famous Greek war?

The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age

What is a Greek soldier called?

Ancient Greek soldiers were known as hoplites. These soldiers, named after large shields they carried.

Who had the strongest army in Greece?

The Spartans were widely considered to have the strongest army and the best soldiers of any city-state in Ancient Greece. All Spartan men trained to become warriors from the day they were born. The Spartan Army fought in a Phalanx formation.

Did ancient Greek soldiers get paid?

In the early stages of Greek Warfare in the Archaic period, training was haphazard and even weapons could be makeshift, although soldiers were usually paid, if only so that they could meet their daily needs.

Who did ancient Greece go to war with?

Their biggest enemy were the Persians, who came from an area around modern day Iran. The Persian kings tried to conquer Greece a few times between 490 to 449BC, but the Greeks managed to fight them off. In the end, it was the Greeks who conquered Persia, when Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Empire in the 330s.

Who controlled the military in Athens?

The army was managed by the polemarch, together with ten generals, one elected from each of the tribes. In their attempt to ensure equality, the Athenians by the 5th century allotted most offices, even the highest archonships.

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Why did Athenians wear blue?

The color was supposedly chosen because it was considered more manly (least associated with women, that is) and warlike. Additionally, during battles, it frightened the opponents and made sure the blood from any wound the Spartan hoplite had sustained would be less visible.

Did Athens have a strong army?

Athens, on the other hand, had a strong military, but Athenian society was also devoted to education, art, science, and democracy. For a while, Sparta was successful because of their strong military. However, over time Athens was more successful.

What was Athens military weakness?

The government was also corrupted and dominated by the elite of the city-state. That greed would cause Athens to seek an empire through the Delian League which alienated its neighbors. Another weakness of Athens was that it relied heavily on its navy and did not have a strong army.

Why are Athens better than Spartans?

Ancient Athens, had a much more stronger basis than ancient Sparta. All the sciences, democracy, philosophy etc were originally found in Athens. Sparta’s only ace was its military way of life and war tactics. Athens also had much more trading power, and controlled more land than Sparta.

What was a weakness of the Athenian army?

Athens ‘ weaknesses included its unwritten laws, lack of unity at the beginning, insatiable hunger for new territories, and constant power struggles with other poleis.

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