- 1 What tactic did the Greeks use to beat the Persians?
- 2 How did Greece defeat Persia?
- 3 Why did Sparta not like Athens?
- 4 Did Greece win against Persia?
- 5 Who helped the Ionians?
- 6 Did Sparta fight Athens?
- 7 Is King Darius and Cyrus the same?
- 8 Is Athens or Sparta better?
- 9 Who won Athens or Sparta?
- 10 Who had a stronger navy Athens or Sparta?
- 11 Who defeated Greece?
- 12 Why did Thebes side with Persia?
- 13 Who destroyed Athens?
What tactic did the Greeks use to beat the Persians?
Miltiades decided on a novel tactic: Greek centre would thin out to match the persian lines and make their wings stronger. Miltiades had all the knowledge about about the Persian fighting methods from his observations during the Mardonius expedition in 492 BCE.
How did Greece defeat Persia?
Victory over the allied Greek states at the famous Battle of Thermopylae allowed the Persians to torch an evacuated Athens and overrun most of Greece. However, while seeking to destroy the combined Greek fleet, the Persians suffered a severe defeat at the Battle of Salamis.
Why did Sparta not like Athens?
While the Athenian city-state enjoyed a period of democracy, Sparta was a military culture. Although Athenian citizens enjoyed certain freedoms during the time of their democracy, the idea of who made up of a citizen was very strict. Basically, the two city-states didn’t understand each other.
Did Greece win against Persia?
The Athenians were commanded by 10 generals, the most daring of whom was Miltiades. While the Persian cavalry was away, he seized the opportunity to attack. The Greeks won a decisive victory, losing only 192 men to the Persians ‘ 6,400 (according to the historian Herodotus).
Who helped the Ionians?
The mission was a debacle, and sensing his imminent removal as tyrant, Aristagoras chose to incite the whole of Ionia into rebellion against the Persian king Darius the Great. In 498 BC, supported by troops from Athens and Eretria, the Ionians marched on, captured, and burnt Sardis.
Did Sparta fight Athens?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta —the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.
Is King Darius and Cyrus the same?
Darius was a member of the royal bodyguard of Cambyses II, the son and heir of Cyrus the Great who ruled for several years before dying mysteriously in 522.
Is Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.
Who won Athens or Sparta?
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami, Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
Who defeated Greece?
Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power. Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth.
Why did Thebes side with Persia?
When Xerxes invaded Greece in 480 BC the Thebans had decided to side with the Persians. As Xerxes moved south, Thebes publicly supported him, and as a result Boeotia was left untouched as the Persians marched into Attica. The Persians then suffered a naval defeat at Salamis, and Xerxes decided to return home.
Who destroyed Athens?
The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.