- 1 How did the mountains impact Greek life?
- 2 Why were mountains important in ancient Greece?
- 3 What was the effect of the rise of Greek civilization?
- 4 What are 3 major aspects of Greek geography?
- 5 Would it be difficult for another country to attack Greece?
- 6 How did geography affect early civilizations?
- 7 How did ancient Greece get fresh water?
- 8 How many islands did ancient Greece have?
- 9 What resources does ancient Greece have?
- 10 What are two things that led to the rise of Greek civilization?
- 11 Who defeated the Greek empire?
- 12 What caused the fall of the Greek empire?
- 13 Why did Sparta not like Athens?
- 14 How did Peloponnesus help Greece?
- 15 What are 4 major geographical features of Greece?
How did the mountains impact Greek life?
Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. They grew grapes and olives, and raised sheep, goats, pigs, and chickens.
Why were mountains important in ancient Greece?
The mountains also formed natural barriers between the major city-states. The tallest mountain in Greece is Mount Olympus. The Ancient Greeks believed that their gods (the Twelve Olympians) lived at the top of Mount Olympus. The Aegean Sea is home to over 1000 islands.
What was the effect of the rise of Greek civilization?
One of the most brilliant civilizations in world history, that of the ancient Greeks laid many of the foundations for the whole of Western civilization. It produced radical innovations in a wide range of fields – philosophy, science, art, architecture, government and politics, and more.
What are 3 major aspects of Greek geography?
The main geographical formations included mountains, lowlands, coastal land, and the three surrounding seas where thousands of islands are located. What mountain range exists in ancient Greece? The Pindus Mountain Range runs north to south along most of mainland Greece.
Would it be difficult for another country to attack Greece?
Judging by this map, would it be difficult for another country to attack Greece? Yes, because mountains are a barrier on one side and Greece could defend its coastline. Greece is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea.
How did geography affect early civilizations?
Towns grew up along the rivers which had access to the sea. Rivers also provided protection from invaders. Farmers grew crops in the fertile fields that surrounded the towns. The lack of mountains was good for farming, but it made the towns easier to be invaded by enemies.
How did ancient Greece get fresh water?
In the ancient Greece used water from the households, from public institutions, and also rain water from the streets were collected in sewer systems. In this time people mostly used mixing methods, with them sewage from the households and the institutions were disposed together with the rain water from the streets.
How many islands did ancient Greece have?
Greece has many islands, with estimates ranging from somewhere around 1,200 to 6,000, depending on the minimum size to take into account. The number of inhabited islands is variously cited as between 166 and 227. The largest Greek island by area is Crete, located at the southern edge of the Aegean Sea.
What resources does ancient Greece have?
The natural resources in ancient Greece include coal, marble, bauxite, clay, chromate and ore. Silver and gold were also available in some areas of the Greece. The island of Siphnos and the mountains of Thrace were the common areas for mining silver and gold. Mining of silver also was done in Laurion in Attica.
What are two things that led to the rise of Greek civilization?
There were many factors that led to the rise of Greece. The geography, economy, government and more all allowed Greece to begin prospering at a fast rate. These factors, however, also led to the fall of Greece.
Who defeated the Greek empire?
Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power. Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth.
What caused the fall of the Greek empire?
decline of Rome Conflict and competition between city-states broke down a sense of community in Greece. The Germanic tribes of Northern Europe (e.g., Visigoths and Ostrogoths) became strong military forces and attacked the Empire, conquering Rome in 456.
Why did Sparta not like Athens?
While the Athenian city-state enjoyed a period of democracy, Sparta was a military culture. Although Athenian citizens enjoyed certain freedoms during the time of their democracy, the idea of who made up of a citizen was very strict. Basically, the two city-states didn’t understand each other.
How did Peloponnesus help Greece?
In the Persian Wars (5th century BC), Peloponnese had an active role in the confrontation of the enemy with the strong army of Sparta, which was the strongest army in ancient Greece. Their military discipline offered them a glorious victory against the Athenians.
What are 4 major geographical features of Greece?
Greece has the longest coastline in Europe and is the southernmost country in Europe. The mainland has rugged mountains, forests, and lakes, but the country is well known for the thousands of islands dotting the blue Aegean Sea to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Ionian Sea to the west.