- 1 Where did the Ionians come from?
- 2 Why did the Persians invade Greece?
- 3 When did Persia fall to Greece?
- 4 Why did the Ionians rebel?
- 5 Are Spartans Dorians?
- 6 What were the Ionians known for?
- 7 How did Persia lose to Greece?
- 8 Why did the Persians fail to invade Greece?
- 9 What ended Sparta?
- 10 Did Sparta fight Athens?
- 11 Who defeated Greece?
- 12 Why did Thebes side with Persia?
- 13 Who helped the Ionians?
- 14 Why did the Greeks burn Sardis?
- 15 Why did the Spartans refuse assistance to the Ionians?
Where did the Ionians come from?
Ionian, any member of an important eastern division of the ancient Greek people, who gave their name to a district on the western coast of Anatolia (now Turkey). The Ionian dialect of Greek was closely related to Attic and was spoken in Ionia and on many of the Aegean islands.
Why did the Persians invade Greece?
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revolt against Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius.
When did Persia fall to Greece?
The invasion was a direct, if delayed, response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece (492–490 BC) at the Battle of Marathon, which ended Darius I’s attempts to subjugate Greece. Second Persian invasion of Greece.
|Date||480 BC–479 BC|
Why did the Ionians rebel?
According to Herodotus one of the causes of the revolt was the plotting of Histiaeus, deposed Tyrant of Miletus. He was living in forced exile at the Persian court at Susa, while his son-in-law Aristagoras ruled Miletus. Histiaeus wrote to his successor encouraging him to revolt.
Are Spartans Dorians?
The Dorian people are traditionally acknowledged as the conquerors of the Peloponnese (in the period 1100–1000 bce). Sparta, capital of the Dorian region of Laconia. In Greek tradition, the Dorians were thought to have gained their name from Doris, a small district in central Greece.
What were the Ionians known for?
Unlike the austere and militaristic Dorians, the Ionians are renowned for their love of philosophy, art, democracy, and pleasure – Ionian traits that were most famously expressed by the Athenians.
How did Persia lose to Greece?
However, while seeking to destroy the combined Greek fleet, the Persians suffered a severe defeat at the Battle of Salamis. The following year, the confederated Greeks went on the offensive, decisively defeating the Persian army at the Battle of Plataea, and ending the invasion of Greece by the Achaemenid Empire.
Why did the Persians fail to invade Greece?
The persian army or cavalry could not be fully developped, they had to break the army in pieces which the much better equipped and trained greek army could fight. Therefore they lost all privilege of their enormous army.
What ended Sparta?
The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony, although the city-state maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE.
Did Sparta fight Athens?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta —the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.
Who defeated Greece?
Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power. Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth.
Why did Thebes side with Persia?
When Xerxes invaded Greece in 480 BC the Thebans had decided to side with the Persians. As Xerxes moved south, Thebes publicly supported him, and as a result Boeotia was left untouched as the Persians marched into Attica. The Persians then suffered a naval defeat at Salamis, and Xerxes decided to return home.
Who helped the Ionians?
The mission was a debacle, and sensing his imminent removal as tyrant, Aristagoras chose to incite the whole of Ionia into rebellion against the Persian king Darius the Great. In 498 BC, supported by troops from Athens and Eretria, the Ionians marched on, captured, and burnt Sardis.
Why did the Greeks burn Sardis?
The Athenians decided to withdraw their support for the war. The sack of Sardis did achieve its main aim, of spreading the revolt. It helped convince Byzantium and number of Greek cities in the Hellespont, as well as the Carians, to join the revolt.
Why did the Spartans refuse assistance to the Ionians?
Aristagoras looks for Greek allies. Cleomenes I of Sparta refuses to help. Aristagoras took advantage of Greek dissatisfaction with Persian rule to incite an alliance of the Greek poleis of Ionia. Soliciting assistance from the states of mainland Greece he failed to obtain the help of a major state, Sparta.