- 1 Why was Greece split into independent city-states?
- 2 Why did the geography of Greece prevent city-states from being geographically unified?
- 3 Why did Athens trade with other city-states and colonies?
- 4 What did the Greek city-states fight over?
- 5 Which were the two most powerful city-states of ancient Greece?
- 6 What are the 5 Greek city-states?
- 7 What were two factors that unified the Greek city states?
- 8 Why was Greece difficult to unite?
- 9 How did Greece geography impact its development?
- 10 What made the economy in Athens so good?
- 11 Why didn’t Athens establish colonies?
- 12 Which leader made Athens more democratic?
- 13 Why did Sparta fight Athens?
- 14 Why did Athens and Sparta never stop fighting?
- 15 Why is Sparta better than Athens?
Why was Greece split into independent city-states?
One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city – states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. A final reason behind the development of city – states was the Greek aristocracy, who acted to prevent any permanent monarchies from forming.
Why did the geography of Greece prevent city-states from being geographically unified?
Each city – state was independent and located in an isolated valley. While the Greeks spoke the same language, they had different cultures and government and social structures because they were divided. The mountains separating the city – states were barriers to cultural diffusion and unity.
Why did Athens trade with other city-states and colonies?
Answer: The Athenians needed trading with other city – states and colonies to flourish their economy. Athens surrounded by sea with less fertile land. Unable them to provide enough food for their citizens, led in depending on trade.
What did the Greek city-states fight over?
The city – states fought each other to steal the wheat harvest. They took slaves too. If there was a poor wheat crop, there was no good reason to go to war. The Greek “warring season” occurred during a very specific window: about a two week period just before the wheat was ripe for the harvest.
Which were the two most powerful city-states of ancient Greece?
Some of the most important city – states were Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, and Delphi. Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city – states.
What are the 5 Greek city-states?
Although there were numerous city – states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.
What were two factors that unified the Greek city states?
What forces unified the Greek city – states? SHared common culture. Spoke the same language. Honored Same ancient heroes.
Why was Greece difficult to unite?
The simple answer is geography. The terrain was too mountainous, so each valley was isolated enough to develop their own local polity and culture. Enough so that a Greek nationalistic identity wouldn’t emerge until modern times. In ancient times the Greeks were known by their local region.
How did Greece geography impact its development?
The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.
What made the economy in Athens so good?
The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city’s people. But Athens was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. So Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and natural resources they needed.
Why didn’t Athens establish colonies?
The most famous of the cleruchies were Mytilene (Thuc 3) and Melos (Thuc 5), but the fall of the Athenian Empire in 404 caused most Athenian colonies to be abandoned. There were no military officers; generals and cavalry commanders were sent out from Attica, since colonies could not wage war on their own.
Which leader made Athens more democratic?
Why is Pericles important? Pericles was an Athenian statesman. Under his leadership Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire flourished, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece between the Greco-Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
Why did Sparta fight Athens?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.
Why did Athens and Sparta never stop fighting?
Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.
Why is Sparta better than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.